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Bangsa Melayu merupakan bangsa termuda di dunia dan merupakan satu bangsa yang amat unik berbanding bangsa lain. Peradaban bangsa Melayu terjadi akibat pertemuan beberapa bangsa di alam Kepulauan Melayu ini sehingga terbentuk satu identiti yang tetap. Daripada pertemuan ini bangsa Melayu tercipta dan mempunyai fokusnya di Tanah Melayu atau lebih dikenali sebagai Semenanjung Malaysia.

Pada zaman lampau, sesiapa sahaja yang menduduki Tanah Melayu dan beragama Islam dipanggil Melayu. Malah orang Arab yang menetap dipanggil Melayu, orang India yang menetap dipanggil Melayu, orang Cina yang menetap dipanggil Melayu. Itulah hasilnya apabila bangsa asing memeluk agama Islam dan digelar sebagai 'masuk Melayu'.

Ini belum lagi termasuk bangsa yang sememangnya berasal dari rantau ini. Bugis, Jawa, Minangkabau, Mendeheleng dan Kerinci, semuanya Melayu, dan tiada siapa mempertikaikannya. Marilah kita lihat kepada kajian-kajian yang dilakukan terhadap bangsa Melayu kita. Sedarlah di mana kelemahan kita dan binalah di mana kekuatan kita. Semoga Allah beserta kita di dalam segala usaha.

Setiap dua minggu, laman Warisan akan menjelajah ke laman-laman yang tersenarai di bahagian rangkaian untuk mengimbas sedikit sebanyak tentang kebudayaan Melayu yang dipaparkan. Untuk menghantar artikel mengenai bangsa Melayu atau rangkaian kepada laman web Melayu, sila email warisan@silat.8m.com

 

Rangkaian Warisan

Teknologi Melayu
Sejarah Perkembangan Teknologi Melayu: Sebuah Kajian Awal


Media Melayu
Dunia Melayu
Melayu.net (Jentera Pencari)
Jejak Malaysia (Jentera Pencari)

Bahasa Melayu

Sejarah Pertumbuhan Bahasa Melayu
Dewan Bahasa Dan Pustaka

Malay Language & Literature
Bahasa Melayu-The Evolution of The Malay Script and Language

Tulisan Jawi Melayu
Jawinet
Asas Menulis Jawi
Memelihara Warisan Budaya (English)
Romanisasi Penulisan: Pengalaman Malaysia (English)

Sejarah Melayu
Sejarah Melayu-A History of The Malay Peninsula
Sejarah Melayu-The Malay Annals
Classic Malaya

Sastera Melayu
Pantun
Pantun Silat

Sudut Sastera
Warisan Warkah Melayu
Australian National University Malay Concordance Project

Adat Melayu
Sirih Pinang
Malay Mores

Role of Malay Women In Court Politics
Projek AlQur'an Mushaf Malaysia

Seni Persembahan Melayu
Kebudayaan
Seni Persembahan Tradisi
Bangsawan
Bangsawan The Malay Opera
Dikir Barat
Gabungan Dikir Barat Singapura
Mak Yong
Muzik Minangkabau
Malaysian Folk Music
Malaysian Arts-An Overview

Perubatan Melayu
Petua 2U New
SEGUNTUR: The Bilingual Website
Ramlee's Homepage On Petua
Petua
Petua Tradisional Guru Warisan
Ambang Ilmuan

Petua & Panduan
Petua Melayu Lama

Cabaran Melayu
Caleb Project-Pengkristianan Melayu
Joshua Project 2000

Sejarah Melayu: A History of the Malay Peninsula (5.08.01-18.08.01)

Dipetik dari lamanweb http://www.geocities.com/Tokyo/Flats/3795/

The Malays are the race of people who inhabit the Malay Peninsula (what is today Peninsular Malaysia) and portions of adjacent islands of Southeast Asia, including the east coast of Sumatra, the coast of Borneo, and smaller islands that lie between these areas.

Anthropologists trace the home of the Malay race to the northwestern part of Yunnan, in China. These tribal proto-Malays, or Jakun, were a seafaring people. They were once probably a people of coastal Borneo who expanded into Sumatra and the Malay Peninsula as a result of their trading and seafaring way of life.

These sea-tribes, refered to by the Portuguese historian Godinho de Eredia as Saletes (Orang Selat, or People of the Straits), played a major part in the making of the great Malay empires of Malacca and Johor. The present-day Malays of the Peninsula and coasts of the Malay Archipelago are described anthropologically as deutero-Malays and are the descendants of the tribal proto-Malays mixed with modern Indian, Thai, Arab and Chinese blood.

Malay culture itself has been strongly influenced by that of other peoples, including the Siamese, Javanese, Sumatran and, especially, Indians. The influence of Hindu India was historically very great, and the Malay were largely Hinduized before they were converted to Islam in the 15th century.

For nearly two thousand years, the unremitting traffic of traders between the Archipelago and India resulted in frequent inter-marriages along the whole of the west coast of the peninsula, especially Tamils and Gujeratis. Some Hindu ritual survives in Malay culture, as in the second part of the marriage ceremony and in various ceremonies of state.

Malays have also preserved some of their more ancient, animistic beliefs in spirits of the soil and jungle, often having recourse to medicine men or shamans (bomohs) for the treatment of ailments.

In the northern states of Perlis and Kedah, inter-marriages with Thais were commonplace. The east coast state of Kelantan still has traces of Javanese culture that date back to the era of the Majapahit Empire of the fourteenth century. The Sumatran kingdom of Acheh dominated Perak for over a century.

The Bugis from Indonesia's Celebes Islands colonised Selangor and fought for rulers in States along the length of the peninsula - from Kedah to Johor. The Minangkabaus from Sumatra had their own independent chiefdoms in what is today Negri Sembilan.

This mix of different races to form what is the modern Malay can be clearly seen in the lineage of, for example, Malacca royalty. Sultan Muhammad Shah married a Tamil from south India. Sultan Mansur Shah married a Javanese, a Chinese and a Siamese - the Siamese wife bore two future Sultans of Pahang.

It was this diversity of races, cultures and influences that has the given the modern Malay race the rich and unique historical heritage it has today